There are many ancient legends about cities and towns that mysteriously disappeared, were abandoned, or were erased forever. The most famous of these civilizations is the mysterious Atlantis, which is said to have sunk to the bottom of the ocean in just one day and disappeared forever.
But Atlantis isn’t the only city that mysteriously disappeared. There are many other mystical cities that have been passed down for thousands of years in the world’s cultural treasures, whose presence is still a question for all humanity.
1. City of Iram of the Pillars (City of a thousand pillars)
Iram of Pillars is a forgotten city mentioned in the Quran, and also causes people to make every effort to discover this mysterious civilization. Iram of Pillars is considered a true rival of Atlantis.
Little known outside the Muslim world, the name Iram was named by author T.E. Lawrence called it “Atlantis in the sea of sand” and another name is “City of Tent Poles” – referring to the pillars inside or around the city.
The city is still being searched for by explorers. Scholars believe that these stone pillars may be natural features, characteristics of a real city, but they may also just be staked tents of an ancient tribe – the Ad tribe. Some people believe that Iram could be Alexandria, Damascus or the ancient city of Ubar.
According to the Quran, the Ad tribe ignored Allah’s teachings and lived in sin.
Allah sent prophet Hud to bring back the tribe of Ad to His teachings but the tribe of Ad rejected him and refused to listen.
Allah punished the tribe of Ad by sending a disastrous sandstorm for 7 days and 7 nights, drowning Iram and its people in a sea of sand.
Archaeologist and filmmaker Nicholas Clapp believes that the ancient city of Ubar lies between the sites of the city of Iram of the Pillar.
Using NASA satellites, radar and space shuttle photos, Clapp’s team was able to identify old trading routes leading to an oasis in the Shir region, Dhofar province.
Excavations begun in the 1990s led to the discovery of a tower structure followed by a series of high walls.
Regrettably, this excavation work may have weakened the ancient foundations. Part of this structure was destroyed during the excavation process.
2. Thinis City
Ancient Egyptian historian Manetho wrote that in the years 3100-3000 BC, Upper Egypt was moving toward political unification.
For the first time, ancient Egyptians recorded history in hieroglyphs and three small independent cities on the banks of the Nile River, Thinis, Nekhen and Naqada, were vying for dominance in the region.
Thinis’s armies captured Naqada and continued their conquest of the lands below the Nile valley.
Manetho believes that Nekhen may have voluntarily merged with Thinis and Egypt was united under one dynasty for the first time.
According to Manetho, the last emperor of this dynasty, Narmer, also known as Menes, was the first Pharaoh to run the kingdom under divine supervision.
As state authority was transferred to Memphis, Thinis gradually lost its importance.
Archaeologists have found signs of Narmer in hieroglyphs and ancient scripts such as the Narmer Tablet, discovered by British archaeologists and authors James Edward Quibell and Frederick Wastie Green. The first breach was in the temple of Horus at Nekhen in 1897.
Plaques honor Narmer’s military successes in Lower Egypt and the approval of the Egyptian gods.
Unfortunately, no further evidence of the city of Thinis has been found. Hopefully the remains of one of the most important cities of ancient Egypt will one day be revealed along with its secrets and treasures.
3. Babylon City
Included in the list of Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon belong to a city that has never been proven to have actually existed.
According to the Babylonian priest Berossus, the ancient city of Babylon, existed near the province of Babil in Iraq under King Nebuchadnezzar II between 605 and 562 BC.
It was he who created an upside-down garden around 600 BC for his wife, Amytis.
The plants are not actually hung, but scientists think that the virtual image of hanging is created by the fine spring water of the lower plant layers.
No one can be sure that this garden existed nor is there any documentation in history other than Berossus and a Greek historian named Diodorus Siculus.
Although the builders of the time were certainly capable of creating a large, multi-tiered garden, ancient explorations along the Euphrates River yielded no results.
Evidence of the garden may have been destroyed in an earthquake that struck the area around the second century AD. It is also possible that it was absorbed by sandstorms near the Euphrates River area. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are still a mysterious and legendary mystery.
4. Paititi City
High in the Andes mountains in Peru, archaeologists and explorers went on an expedition to explore the legendary Inca city of Paititi.
Italian archeologist Mario Polia discovered the copy of the missionary Andres Lopez in 1600.
Lopez recorded that a large city full of gold and precious gems had recently been described by the locals, but he never actually visited, Lopez’s writings being just a guess.
Thousands of detective princes have been searching for the lost city of gold since the 1600s, and documents provided by explorers tell the city that the city of Paititi was located at the junction of the Beni and Madre de Dios rivers. .
Others believe that Paititi actually originated in Bolivia. Dr. Ari Siiriäinen and Dr. Martti Pärssinen traveled from Helsinki to explore Las Piedras near the town of Riberalta in eastern Bolivia in 2001.
However, they didn’t find anything. Anthropologist Vera Tyuleneva also made several expeditions in Bolivia without reaching any conclusions.
In 2007, locals near the Kimbiri area, Peru reported finding large fortress-like stone structures but the Peruvian government’s National Institute of Culture denied these discoveries, claiming The sandstone is just natural sandstone.
The Amazon forest surrounding the location believed to be the city of Paititi is very dense and extremely dangerous. Without local people as guides, it is very difficult for explorers to successfully traverse the water forest.
Several explorers, including journalist Robert Nichols, who entered the jungle in 1970 to find Paititi, and Lars Hafskjold, whose 1997 expedition searched for the city near Bolivia, went without now come back.
Hafskjold’s fate is unknown, but reports by a Japanese Law student – Yoshiharu Sekino – who went looking for Nichols, learned from the natives that Nichols and his group were killed by ancient tribesmen. after one of Nichols’ young associates insulted a local Machiguenga woman.
The expedition to find the lost Inca city is still underway and with the advancement of new technology, it is likely that one day the city of Patiti will be discovered if it truly exists.